This list describes each ingredient we use in our products and why we use it, as well as the product number in which it is used. All ingredients are certified organic.
Aloe Leaf Powder (05, 06)
This amino acid and enzyme-rich powder, derived from the raw interior of the aloe leaf, nourishes and soothes the skin, leaving it more smooth and supple. When applied as a mask, this powder, packed with vitamins and minerals, will also help lock in moisture, helping reduce the appearance of fine lines.
Amaranth Seed Oil (07)
A protein-rich energy-booster when used as food, amaranth seed oil is also loaded with incredible flavonoids, such as rutin, that combine with collagen-boosting vitamin C to restore and strengthen capillary walls when applied to the skin. Often used to reduce the appearance of varicose veins, amaranth seed oil is also a good anti-inflammatory reparative for the delicate tissue around the eyes.
Apricot Oil (01, 08)
This valuable, softening and anti-aging oil is extracted from the kernel within the pit of the apricot. Rich in linoleic, oleic and other essential fatty acids, apricot oil also contains sterolins which increase the production of collagen while decreasing the presence of aging spots. Also high in vitamins C and E, apricot oil absorbs easily into dry or mature skin helping maintain its elasticity.
Argan Oil (01)
Extracted from the nut within the fruit of the Moroccan Argan tree, for centuries this precious oil has been a workhorse in the maintenance of healthy, hydrated skin in harsh desert conditions. Rich in fatty acids, it reduces the signs of aging by toning and regenerating the skin, leaving it firmer and supremely moisturized.
Arnica Oil (08)
Possessing strong anti-inflammatory properties, arnica oil can soothe aching muscles, offer pain relief through improved blood circulation, and help reduce swelling. Arnica also aids in healing by improving blood flow to bruised tissues, joints, and muscles.
Banana Fruit Powder (06)
It probably comes as no surprise that bananas are full of nutrients and antioxidants, but what makes super-hydrating banana even more valuable is how gentle it is on sensitive skin. All skin types will benefit from the direct application of the age-defying zinc and B vitamins found in banana (along with vitamin C that improves the appearance of acne and age spots).
Baobab Oil (01)
This precious oil comes from the seeds in the fruit of a thousand year old African tree that blooms only once per year. The flowers on this night-blooming tree are pollinated by bats that help turn the flowers to fruit. The oil harvested from the Baobab tree absorbs beautifully, leaving no residue but loading your skin up with moisturizing Vitamins A, D, E, and F. It’s also a tough fighter of free-radicals giving it strong anti-aging characteristics.
Barley Powder (05)
The selenium in barley powder is terrific for improving and maintaining your skin’s elasticity. It’s also a great natural defender against the free radical damage we encounter everyday from pollution and the UV rays of the sun. In addition to protecting your skin, barley powder is a tightener that will, with regular use, give your skin a more youthful appearance.
Bee Pollen (06)
Those who ‘know’ know that bee pollen is not just a superfood for the body (which it is) but that its intense concentration of antioxidants, vitamins, minerals, silica and fatty acids are pure, organic ‘skin food’. Bee pollen is uniquely bursting with nucleic acids which are the building blocks of both RNA and DNA. What does this mean for you? When bee pollen soaks into your skin it immediately starts stimulating cell growth which is the key to fighting free radical damage and aging.
Borago Oil (03)
Gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) is a robust Omega-6 fatty acid with strong anti-inflammatory properties that the human body is unable to produce on its own. Borago seed oil has the highest concentration of GLA compared with any other seed oils (borago oil is comprised of about 24% GLA). This GLA content, which helps repair the skin’s intracellular moisture barrier, makes borago oil a great ingredient for combatting afflictions like eczema and seborrheic dermatitis.
Buriti Oil (02, 08)
The oil of the Amazonian buriti fruit is so valuable a skin care remedy that the indigenous peoples from its rainforest home refer to it as the “Tree Of Life”. The oil is an incredibly rich source of antioxidants like beta carotene which, studies have shown, blocks and absorbs the skin cancer causing UV rays of the sun. It’s also chock full of vitamins E and C, and essential fatty acids that not only moisturize, they also contribute to the production of collagen and elastin.
Calendula Oil (01)
This oil, which contains high levels of plant-based antioxidants called flavanoids, is a terrific emollient that also protects skin from the cell-damage of free-radicals. An anti-fungal and anti- bacterial antiseptic, calendula oil also has anti-inflammatory properties that soothe skin ravaged by sun and pollution.
Camellia Oil (03, 07, 08)
A treasured skin care secret of the Japanese geisha from ancient to present times, camellia oil is a wonderful emollient comprised of 82% Oleic (Omega-9) fatty acids. Also packed with polyphenol antioxidants, Omega-6 Linoleic fatty acids and other free radical fighting compounds, camellia oil is a readily-absorbable anti-aging agent derived from the green tea plant. Used for centuries by the geisha to remove their exceptionally heavy makeup, camellia oil cleans and nourishes, leaving skin soft and youthful.
Carrot Seed Oil (07)
Not to be mistaken for cheaper, less potent carrot oil (extracted from the carrot root), the oil derived from the seed of the carrot plant is an unsung hero of the therapeutic essential oil world. A natural stimulator of the lymph system (the body’s garbage disposal), carrot seed oil is used to heal difficult skin conditions such as boils and abscesses. With its many nourishing compounds not found in the rest of the carrot plant, carrot seed oil tightens and rejuvenates, leaving skin with a radiant glow.
Chlorella Powder (05)
When you learn what’s inside chlorella, the biggest mind-blower of all is that all of this crazy goodness is packed within one tiny cell. In addition to being comprised of 60% protein, each chlorella cell has shoe-horned into it amino acids, iron, calcium, potassium, magnesium, phosphorous, vitamins C, A, K, folic acid and a host of B vitamins. In addition to its anti-aging and anti-inflammatory properties, chlorella actually surrounds the heavy metals picked up through exposure to air pollution making it possible to wash them away before they are absorbed into the bloodstream.
Clary Sage Oil (03)
A fabulous antiseptic and antibacterial, clary sage oil is great for curbing skin problems from physical and environmental damage. Its astringent qualities make it an effective skin toner, and the high concentration of the ester, linalyl acetate, makes it a great balancer of both oily and dry skin (and everything in between). On top of it all, it acts as an anti-inflammatory helping to control rashes and other skin disturbances.
Cocoa Butter (02)
This thick emollient made from the cocoa bean is both the base ingredient for chocolate and an antioxidant-rich moisturizer. Great for people with sensitive skin, cocoa butter soothes and eases the effects of eczema and other skin conditions. Its strong regenerative properties also help to erase acne scars and other blemishes.
Corsican Immortelle Oil (03, 07)
The healing powers of this dazzlingly valuable oil are matched only by its rarity and the expense by which it is acquired. Carefully harvested from the rocky, high-altitude cliffs of the Corsican countryside, and requiring one ton (2,000 lbs./907 kg.) of flowers to extract one liter of oil, immortelle works wonders on everything from soft-tissue injury and post-surgery healing, to the more everyday concerns of erasing fine lines and acne scars. This incredible, certified organic reparative oil is so hard to come by you are unlikely to find it as an ingredient in any other products. This is why we have entrusted it to the most valuable thing we can imagine: your face!
Evening Primrose Oil (01)
The magic of this Central American oil (used since ancient times to achieve younger, healthier skin) lies in its high concentration of Gamma-linoleic acid (GLA). In addition to its lovely scent, evening primrose oil’s GLA content makes it a great combatant of acne, wrinkles, abrasions and pretty much any other skin issue you want to throw its way.
French Lavender Oil (03)
One of the most ubiquitous ingredients and/or scents in soaps, shampoos, detergents, and skin care products, lavender is a true workhorse with good reason. When it comes to skin care, studies have shown that French lavender inhibits the growth of bacteria. Furthermore, not only is it a great defender against acne, it is also an insect repellent and healer of insect wounds. But it should come as no surprise it is known best for its gorgeous aroma. As with all Apothecary 90291 ingredients, it is its healing properties that earn it a place in our ingredients list, but we love that it serves double-duty as an aromatherapy tool!
German Chamomile Oil (03)
This oil’s extraordinary blue color comes from the presence of chamazulene, a compound known for its ability to combat skin irritations. In addition to its benefits as a skin care tool, it is also used by aromatherapists to challenge feelings of anger and rage, while promoting thoughts and feelings of peace and patience. Indeed, just looking at its exquisite blue color is known to create calm in the observer. This amazing oil is a healer of mind, body and spirit!
Goji Berry Powder (06)
Goji berries have achieved high status in the world of natural health in recent years and not without good reason. Each raisin-sized fruit packs a massive antioxidant-rich punch when eaten and when applied to the skin. Our certified organic goji berry powder directs all of its vitamin and antioxidant goodness at the free radicals that cause facial wrinkles. A great anti-inflammatory, goji berry powder also firms and tones the skin while helping hide the appearance of scars and healing sun damage.
Grape Seed Oil (07)
People with oily skin may have been taught to avoid adding oil to their already greasy complexion. Seems natural, right? Grape seed oil is a fine example of why you can do away with that thinking. A valuable balancer, grape seed oil, used regularly, can actually help level out the skin’s oil production, leaving naturally oily skin far less so. Grape seed oil moisturizes, tightens skin, fights acne and is also a great combatant of the dark circles that often appear under people’s eyes as they age.
Grapefruit Oil (02)
Grapefruit oil’s strength as a natural disinfectant ensured it a spot on our Cleansing Balm/Overnight Mask's ingredients list. It gently strips away excessive oil leaving skin smooth and silky. Its powerful antioxidant and anti-aging characteristics also help combat fine lines and age spots when used regularly.
Jasmine Flower Oil (01)
Extracted from flowers picked through the night when their aromatic intensity is at its peak, Jasmine oil is a great skin softener. Perhaps even more amazing, however, is the fact that jasmine oil is loaded with esters which are known by aromatherapists the world over as the most relaxing chemical compounds found in any essential oils. The jasmine and neroli oils in Apothecary 90291’s Luminous Face Oil make it a truly great-smelling face oil you will look forward to using every day.
Jojoba Oil (03)
Acne and oily skin are the results of overactive sebaceous glands. Jojoba oil (actually a liquid wax extracted from the nut of the desert-dwelling jojoba shrub) so closely resembles the structural make up of sebum that it is readily-absorbed into the skin, locking in moisture and controlling the production of the body’s natural oils. Problem skin in general (whether oily or dry) will benefit greatly from this terrific skin balancer.
Kalahari Melon Seed Oil (08)
The restructuring and regenerative properties of Kalahari melon seed oil help strengthen cell walls, while moisturizing and restoring suppleness and luster to the skin. This fast-absorbing oil helps maintain skin elasticity, and plays a role in regulating levels of skin hydration.
Kelp Powder (05)
Kelp powder (seaweed) is an amazing reparative and detoxifier. The myriad nutrients in kelp are excellent for nourishing and toning the skin, and mineral salts in seaweed also help to reduce fine lines by locking moisture in. When used as a mask, kelp powder also unclogs pores and helps the skin to rid itself of toxins collected from air pollution and other environmental sources, leaving your face softer, smoother, cleaner and totally refreshed!
Maracuja Oil (02, 07)
Most commercial Maracuja oil is extracted from the flower of the passion fruit plant. While containing very good skin care properties, the oil we use is the more rare (and more potent) oil from the seed of the passion fruit. A supremely hydrating emollient, this oil is antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and is also believed to be a reliever of stress and anxiety.
Marula Oil (01, 03)
Marula oil, as far as we’re concerned, might as well be called “Miracle Oil”. This highly- absorbable and incredibly hydrating oil is extracted from the kernel inside the fruit from the Marula tree in Namibia. Considered a delicacy as food, its value as a skin conditioner and reparative is beyond measure. Its fatty acids and omegas fight free radical damage from sun and pollution, helping erase signs of aging. As a powerfully-hydrating anti-microbial it is great for acne and all other kinds of skin blemishes. It can even reduce the appearance of stretch marks and scars while also helping to balance all types of skin.
Moringa Oil (02)
Whereas the shelf life of most oils is one to two years, Moringa oil is so loaded with antioxidants that it remains powerful and effective as an anti-inflammatory moisturizer for five years or more. As a deep cleanser, Moringa oil vigorously attacks blackheads and acne while gently stripping the skin of dirt and air pollution residues, leaving skin fresh and glowing.
Oat Kernel Flour (05)
Oat kernel flour is an FDA-approved “skin protectant” known to alleviate a host of skin conditions including eczema, psoriasis, and dermatitis. Our oat kernel flour is the ‘Peppi’ variety (sourced from select farmers in Finland) and includes the bran layer, which contains a high concentration of proteins and other powerful active ingredients. These exhibit anti-aging, anti-itch, and antioxidant properties, while cleansing, soothing, and protecting damaged skin. It also gives our mask a creamier, more gratifying consistency.
Olive Oil (01)
Cameron says, “When I was working in an olive grove in Crete I was shocked when our team passed around a bottle of olive oil to clean tree sap off our hands. It was amazing how well it worked.” Indeed, olive oil has been used for thousands of years as an antibacterial cleanser. The ancients also knew about its powerful moisturizing capabilities which do wonders on eczema and other types of dry, cracked skin.
Orange Flower Oil (Citrus aurantium) (01)
Known as Neroli oil, this product of the flower from the bitter orange tree is positively jam- packed with vitamins and minerals, helps soften wrinkles and improve skin elasticity, and has an aroma that is, in a word, heavenly. As you might guess, it has tons of Vitamin C and is excellent for restoring youthful radiance to the skin.
Orange Oil (Citrus sinensis) (02)
Apart from its delicious aroma, orange oil both increases blood-flow to the skin and promotes the growth of collagen, giving it terrific anti-aging properties. Its anti-inflammatory qualities help soothe skin, while its antiseptic nature inhibits microbial growth.
Papaya Oil (02)
Among other wonderful vitamins, minerals and fatty acids, papaya oil contains the enzyme papain which gently dissolves sebum and dead skin cells, making it an amazing natural exfoliant. But unlike commercial chemical exfoliants which can irritate, papaya oil contains anti-inflammatory compounds that soothe the skin while removing brown spots and acne scars. The result is a far more balanced and even appearance, without the irritation of a chemical peel.
Petitgrain sur Fleur (08)
With its fresh, green-floral aroma, Petitrains sur Fleurs is a soothing, mood-lifting tonic that relaxes both the body and mind. This valuable essential oil made from the leaves, twigs and flowers of the Seville orange tree, promotes healthy sleep patterns, has anti-depressant properties, and helps to calm nerves and reduce stress.
Pomegranate Oil (01)
A staple of anti-aging creams, pomegranate oil gives skin a more youthful appearance by stimulating the outer-layer skin cells known as ‘keratinocytes’. Pomegranate oil also helps fight skin aging due to its high concentration of a powerful anti-inflammatory Omega 5 fatty acid known as ‘punicic acid’. This firming oil, which promotes collagen production, also reverses sun damage and has been shown to significantly decrease occurrences of skin cancer in mice exposed to carcinogens. Pomegranate oil’s beneficial properties, too numerous to mention, also include hormonal balancing in men and women for improved skin texture, soothing of psoriasis and eczema, and acne prevention.
Prickly Pear Oil (07)
Wildly costly prickly pear oil’s amino acids are amazing stimulators of collagen growth, which helps promote faster cell turnover. This wonder oil is also loaded with the antioxidant vitamin E, Omega-6 and Omega-9 essential fatty acids, and vitamin K which does wonders for returning elasticity to the skin. Another handy use for vitamin K? It attacks those pesky dark circles under your eyes making your whole appearance brighter and more youthful.
Pumpkin Powder (06)
Pumpkin powder smoothes and brightens skin because it is positively bursting with alpha hydroxy acids (AHA’s) and fruit enzymes that increase cell turnover. Its uniquely small molecular structure allows it to really penetrate the skin deeply, helping to control pigmentation and other signs of aging skin. What’s more, this iconic fall staple can be used year round to fight acne due to its high zinc content (zinc balances skin by controlling oil producing hormones) and its vitamin A and vitamin C antioxidants boost collagen production which combats wrinkles.
Rice Powder (06)
For thousands of years Asian women have known to balance oily skin and control acne with oil-absorbing rice powder. The vitamin B in rice powder helps protect the skin from the sun’s damaging rays and slows the aging process. When applied as a mask rice powder also acts as a great skin tightener and exfoliant.
Rosehip Oil (01)
Rosehip oil has long been used as a skin rejuvenator. Containing a wealth of antioxidants such as Retinol (Vitamin A), lycopene, beta carotene, and Omegas 6 and 9, it increases elastin and collagen, while reducing the pigmentation that comes with aging and sun damage.
Rosemary Leaf Extract (08)
With its powerful anti-oxidant properties, rosemary leaf extract helps prevent signs of premature aging. The main component of rosemary leaf extract, romarinic acid, has anti-fungal and antimicrobial benefits, and is also calming for skin conditions such as acne and eczema.
Royal Jelly Powder (Raw) (06)
Royal jelly is a superfood made by male drone bees to feed every bee larva in the colony (but especially the queen, hence the ‘royal’ name). Along with vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5 and B6, royal jelly also contains zinc and the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. All of these, as well as nutrients like nucleic acid and flavonoids, work to feed your skin and the muscles beneath it. As we age, slowed collagen production makes skin thinner and less elastic. Minerals in royal jelly (such as silicon) lead to increased collagen production, giving skin greater elasticity when applied regularly.
Sacha Inchi Oil (03)
This oil, derived from the seed within the beautiful, exotic pod of the South American sacha inchi tree, has a remarkably high level of the Omega-3 and Omega-6 essential fatty acids, as well as Omega-9. While Omega-3 linolenic acid has been shown to protect against sun damage, Omega-6 linoleic acid has been shown to reduce acne breakouts. Add to these the free radical-fighting antioxidants vitamin A and vitamin E present in sacha inchi oil, and you get a highly-absorbable oil that is great for repairing, nourishing and balancing your skin.
Safflower Oil (02, 03, 08)
Safflower oil’s abundance of linoleic acids combine with the skin’s natural sebum to unclog pores and remove acne and rashes. This odorless oil is also highly regenerative, stimulating growth of new skin cells for a youthful radiance.
Seabuckthorn Oil (01)
This highly reparative oil has been used superficially for generations to heal cuts, scrapes, burns and lesions. Easily absorbed and rich with strong skin conditioners like beta-carotene, phytosterol, Vitamin E, and carotenoid, seabuckthorn oil also creates a terrific moisture-locking lipid barrier which helps skin stay hydrated and supple in the face of drying sun and environmental pollutants.
Shea Butter (02)
Shea butter’s value in the care of skin and hair is so great that the tree from which it comes has been considered sacred for thousands of years. In the rugged deserts of Africa, shea butter is used to lock in moisture and protect against the UV rays of the sun. As a stimulant of the skin’s microcirculation, shea butter helps repair skin damage and promotes the growth of collagen, leaving skin softer and more supple.
Spirulina Powder (05)
Spirulina (often referred to generically as blue-green algae) is widely used internally as a protein and antioxidant-rich superfood, and when used topically in a mask it acts like a superfood for your face. Its gamma linolenic acids (GLA’s) help with dry skin conditions (such as eczema), while its high level of chlorophyll makes it a great detoxifier. Spirulina has tons of antioxidants as well, making it an excellent tool for repairing pollution and sun-damaged skin. Being a soother of rosacea and a fighter of acne are just a couple more reasons skin care pros call spirulina super!
Sunflower Seed Oil (08)
The anti-inflammatory properties of sunflower seed oil enhances the development of new skin cells while reducing skin’s roughness and redness. This nutrient-rich oil has especially high levels of vitamin E and omega-6 (linoleic) fatty acid which helps prevent trans-epidermal water loss by maintaining the skin’s natural moisture barrier.
Sweet Almond Oil (08)
Sweet almond oil is reported to be a powerful healer of things like stretch marks and scars, while aiding in reversing sun damage. It can improve complexion and skin tone, combat acne, and has been used for centuries to heal skin conditions such as psoriasis and eczema. A nutrient-dense oil with anti-inflammatory properties, it also works as a superior moisturizer. (See our FAQ for information on nut allergies.)
Wheatgrass Powder (05)
Wheatgrass contains concentrated enzymes, amino acids, antioxidants, vitamins and minerals that work detoxifying wonders on your skin. A great soother and reparative of damaged skin, wheatgrass is also loaded with chlorophyll which aids in the development of healthy red blood cells. This, in turn, aids in the production of new skin cells, which helps reduce the appearance of scars. Chlorophyll’s astringent properties also makes wheatgrass a fantastic skin cleanser.